Islamic Theology

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Islamic Theology 2017-05-06T20:31:39-04:00

Project Description

Belief and Ideology are the sources and foundations of every valuable system; and every ideology gives form to an organization and affects the behavior of man whether consciously or unconsciously. Therefore the establishment of such a value system based upon the Islamic beliefs and ideology – which is counted as being abundant and perpetual in their resources – must be engraved upon the heart of man, so that it can offer its sweet fruit and bring forth the felicity of the two worlds.

Muslim scholars have developed the discipline of ‘ilm al-kalam (literally, the science of dialectics) to deal with topics pertaining to belief and doctrine, which are often lumped together under the head of “theology.” The tradition of theological discourse pertaining to matters of belief begins in the Qur’an itself. In fact, the greater part of the Qur’an deals with theological discussions pertaining to the nature and attributes of Divinity, the perfection of the system of creation, the role of justice in scheme of existence, the necessity of Divine guidance through prophets and scriptures, and the necessity of judgement and retribution and the pertinent details that go under the head of eschatology.

The Study of Islamic Theology at the Prehawza program comprises the following areas;

– The need of discussion of Religion
1 – Divine Worldview and Materialistic Worldview (explaining and describing the principal components)
2 – The criteria of the goodness of Worldview (being intellectual, innate and …)
3 – The advantages and personal & social effects of divine worldview

– Knowing God -meaning of God, ways of knowing God, innate (definition of innate and expressing the innate affairs)
1 – The study of the Nature -the argument of the Order- advantages of the argument of the Order and the psychological (i.e. spiritual) effects of noticing the order of the world- the attributed of God
2 – Reviewing the reasons provided by secular scholars
3 – Classification of the attributes (Proven, Negative, Essential, Active); Monotheism (Essence, Attributes, Acts)
4 – Life, Knowledge, Will, Power, Creator, Lordship, Deity, Divine justice
5 – Analyzing the opposite opinions on the argument of the Order
6 – Reviewing the Big Bang Theory and Evolution Theory

– Revelation and Prophecy
1 – The public Prophecy
a – Definition of revelation and prophecy; necessity of sending messengers; ways to identify the prophet (traditions from the previous prophets, miracles, a collection of evidences); characteristics of the Prophets (infallibility, knowledge of hidden things, capability on miracle, and …), a brief introduction to the Christianity and Judaism and their Holy Books
2 – The special Prophecy
a – Introduction of the Prophet of Islam PBUH&HP; the miracle of the Qur’an; other miracles; emphases of the previous prophets on the prophecy of the last Prophet PBUH&HP, seal of prophecy

– Imamate and leadership
1 –

[Definition of Imamate (with a reference to the relationship between Imamate and Prophecy); necessity of Imamate; status of the Imam (interpretation of revelation and matching it with the conditions, perfect models of human being, social leader); characteristics of the Imam (infallibility, knowledge, and …); introduction of the infallible Imams PBUT; occultation and its philosophy; traditional reasons for the occultation of the twelfth Imam; the relationship of the Shiites with His majesty during the occultation; the successors of the Imam PBUH; characteristics and the rational reasons and rational clarification of the leadership of Faqih]

– Resurrection
1 – [What is resurrection; spiritual, ethical and social effects of believing in the resurrection; proving the Resurrection (reason of wisdom and reason of justice); the significance and status of resurrection in the Qur’an and the Islamic thought; life after death; middle-world (oblivion); Paradise and Hell]

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